Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external sound source. It is often described as a ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound. Tinnitus can be constant or intermittent, and it can vary in loudness and pitch.
What causes tinnitus?
The exact cause of tinnitus is unknown, but there are many possible factors that can contribute to it. These include:
- Hearing loss: Tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss. This is because the hair cells in the inner ear that are responsible for hearing can also be damaged by noise exposure, aging, or certain medications.
- Earwax buildup: Earwax buildup can sometimes block the ear canal and cause tinnitus.
- Medical conditions: Tinnitus can be a symptom of certain medical conditions, such as Meniere’s disease, high blood pressure, and vascular disorders.
- Head injury: Tinnitus can also be caused by a head injury.
- Stress: Stress can sometimes trigger or worsen tinnitus.
How do you deal with tinnitus?
There is no cure for tinnitus, but there are a number of things that can help to manage it. These include:
- Masking: Masking involves listening to a sound that is similar to the tinnitus sound. This can help to reduce the awareness of the tinnitus.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This type of therapy can help to change the way you think about and react to tinnitus.
- Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga, can help to reduce stress and improve your overall well-being.
- Medication: In some cases, medication may be helpful in reducing tinnitus.
Can tinnitus be cured?
There is no cure for tinnitus, but in many cases, it can be managed to the point where it is not bothersome. If you are experiencing tinnitus, it is important to see an audiologist to rule out any underlying medical conditions. They can also help you to develop a treatment plan that is right for you.
Is tinnitus a brain disorder?
Tinnitus is not a brain disorder in the traditional sense. However, it is thought to be caused by changes in the way the brain processes sound. These changes can be caused by damage to the hair cells in the inner ear, or by other factors, such as stress or anxiety.