Prelingual Hearing Loss

What is Prelingual Hearing Loss?

Hearing loss that occurs prior to a child developing speech and language skills.

What causes prelingual hearing loss?

Prelingual hearing loss can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Genetic conditions
  • Congenital infections, such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, or herpes simplex virus
  • Premature birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Head trauma
  • Medications
  • Noise exposure

What is the difference between prelingual and Postlingual hearing loss?

Prelingual hearing loss occurs before a child develops speech and language skills.

Postlingual hearing loss occurs after a child has developed speech and language skills.

Can prelingual deaf people speak?:

Yes, some prelingual deaf people can speak. However, they may have difficulty with speech production and understanding spoken language.

How does prelingual hearing loss affect language development?:

Prelingual hearing loss can have a significant impact on language development. 

Children who are deaf or hard of hearing before they learn to speak may have difficulty learning language through hearing. This can lead to delays in speech and language development, as well as difficulty with reading, writing, and social communication.

Early identification and intervention are critical for children with prelingual hearing loss. Early intervention can help to improve language development and communication skills. There are a variety of effective interventions available, including:

  • Hearing aids: Hearing aids can amplify sound, making it easier for children with hearing loss to hear.
  • Cochlear implants: Cochlear implants are electronic devices that can be surgically implanted in the inner ear. They can provide a sense of sound to people who are profoundly deaf.
  • Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help children with hearing loss to develop their speech and language skills.
  • Sign language: Sign language is a visual language that can be used by people who are deaf or hard of hearing.

With early identification and intervention, children with prelingual hearing loss can go on to lead full and productive lives.